Pneumococcal Vaccines

Pneumococcal vaccines help to prevent pneumococcal disease caused by the bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae. This bacteria often causes infections in the lungs, ear, brain and bloodstream.


There are 2 types of Pneumococcal Vaccines available, the Pneumococcal Conjugate vaccine (PCV13) and the Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine (PPSV23)


Due to the serious infections that Streptococcus pneumoniae can cause, PCV13 and PPSV23 are both subsidised vaccines under Singapore's Vaccination Programmes:


National Childhood Immunisation Schedule (NCIS)

In singapore infants are recommended to get their PCV13 vaccinations at 4months (Dose 1) and 6months (Dose 2), followed by a booster dose at age 12 months (Booster 1). If a child misses the PCV13 vaccine, catch up vaccination is recommended before the age of 59months.


Singaporean residents vaccinated under NCIS in our clinics will get FULLY SUBSIDISED vaccinations. Book your appointments here.


National Adult Immunisation Schedule (NAIS)

Adults above the age of 65 are recommended to get 1 dose of PCV13 followed by a dose of PPSV23 1 year later. This should confer lifetime protection after both vaccines are completed.


In adults with Diabetes, Lung, Kidney or Liver conditions, a dose of PPSV23 is recommended betwen ages of 18-65years. A full list of medical conditions for which PPSV23 is recommended can be found here.


Singaporean Residents may avail of national subsidies under NAIS at our CHAS clinics. Learn more here:

Source: Healthhub https://www.healthhub.sg/programmes/163/vaccinate


How is the Vaccine Administered

The vaccine is given via intramuscular injection into the deltoid (arm) for adults, or the alterolateral thigh for children.


Common Side Effects:

- Soreness or redness at injection Site

- Fever, Headache, Bodyaches

- Giddiness (usually transient)

Most side effects go away within the first 3 days and simple painkillers like paracetamol can be taken if you do not have any allergies.


References:

[1] Pharmaceutical Society of Singapore. (2019, December). Pneumococcal vaccine. HealthHub. https://www.healthhub.sg/a-z/medications/375/Pneumococcal-Vaccine

[2] Nationally recommended vaccines. Ministry of Health. https://www.moh.gov.sg/resources-statistics/nationally-recommended-vaccines





0 views0 comments